What are NCDs?

Non- Communicable Diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, tend to be of long duration and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behaviours factors.

NCDs threaten progress towards the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which includes a target of reducing premature deaths from NCDs by one-third by 2030.

NCDs also impede poverty reduction initiatives in low-income countries, they are life-long and expensive to treat, causing loss of breadwinners, forces millions of people into poverty.

The WHO Prioritised five (5) main NCDs which share common risk factors.

  1. Cardiovascular Diseases
  2. Diabetes Mellitus
  3. Cancers
  4. Chronic Lung Diseases
  5. Mental Health

Kenya has added to the list other diseases of importance to include:

  1. Stroke
  2. Accidents and injuries
  3. Musculoskeletal diseases

The risk factors and causes of NCDs are known and are mostly modifiable.

  1. Unhealthy diets with excessive food additives including salt and sugars
  2. Lack of physical activity
  3. Tobacco use
  4. Harmful use of Alcohol
  5. Air pollution

Other NCDs however, affect a significant number of the population yet they have completely unrelated or non-shared risk factors, for example, Rheumatic Heart Disease and Eye Disease among others.

NCDAK, therefore, provides a framework within which the different actors can plan, act together and ensure that Kenyans enjoy good quality of life free of NCDs and their adverse effects.


Kenya National Strategy for Prevention and Control of NCDs 2015-2020

WHO Kenya NCD Profile