Non- Communicable Diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, tend to be of long duration and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behaviours factors.
NCDs threaten progress towards the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which includes a target of reducing premature deaths from NCDs by one-third by 2030.
NCDs also impede poverty reduction initiatives in low-income countries, they are life-long and expensive to treat, causing loss of breadwinners, forces millions of people into poverty.
- Cardiovascular Diseases
- Diabetes Mellitus
- Chronic Lung Diseases
- Mental Health
Kenya has added to the list other diseases of importance to include:
- Accidents and injuries
- Musculoskeletal diseases
The risk factors and causes of NCDs are known and are mostly modifiable.
- Unhealthy diets with excessive food additives including salt and sugars
- Lack of physical activity
- Tobacco use
- Harmful use of Alcohol
- Air pollution
Other NCDs however, affect a significant number of the population yet they have completely unrelated or non-shared risk factors, for example, Rheumatic Heart Disease and Eye Disease among others.
NCDAK, therefore, provides a framework within which the different actors can plan, act together and ensure that Kenyans enjoy good quality of life free of NCDs and their adverse effects.